Vital Extreme Cold Weather Gear for Outdoor Sleeping

Extremely cold temperatures do not mess around, so you cannot either when it comes to cold weather sleeping preparation. You need to be prepared as much as you possibly can to survive your night’s sleep in freezing conditions.

Protection against a cold environment calls for the necessary gear to get you in and out alive. The following gear puts the warmth straight back into you and keeps it there throughout the night. These eight categories contain all the essential items and measures you need to take to survive this type of outdoor sleeping.

Before you embark on such of an expedition, make sure you brush up on or learn basic survival skills in freezing conditions. Sleeping in sub-zero conditions can seriously injure or kill you – especially if you do not have the right equipment or knowledge.


First and foremost, your body needs plenty of hydration to accomplish anything and operate smoothly. Without it, you can call your sweet night’s sleep goodbye. Keep water as your number one priority throughout your venture.

Be sure to get an insulated double-wall container – such as a 64-oz. growler with filtered water. Since you will most likely finish the water that you brought from the start of your journey, bring a water filtration system as well. Then, you can convert river water, ice, or snow to your much-needed water reserve.


You need food. Period. For your metabolism to keep running properly, well-planned nutrition is essential to keeping your body warm.

While in freezing conditions, focus on bringing foods that will generate heat for your body: ginger root, hot soup, onion, oats, beans, and tree nuts store them in airtight containers, to avoid getting wet when exposed to water or spilled. Aim to achieve serving the food as warm as you can possibly handle it because the thermal nature of the food will heat your body.

Avoid extremely cooling foods such as bananas, lettuce, tomato, and drinks with ice. These foods are designed for high-heat climates or circumstances to cool the body down. Your entire goal to get a good night’s sleep is to stay warm.


While camping in the frigid wilderness, you will already be accustomed to gather appropriate materials to start a fire for warmth. If you do not know how to start a fire in regular conditions, do not attempt to go outdoor sleeping in extreme cold weather.

When you are ready for fire starting, bring a few matches and a lighter just in case one or the other checks out of service. Lookout for dry brush, leaves, and thin sticks to start a burning ember. Then, add more dry wood accordingly to the wind and environment conditions.

Just in case, bring an emergency fire starter kit if you come across an unexpected situation of restricted access to basic fire-starting materials.


A Swiss Army knife or other useful multi-tool is a vital part of any backpacker looking to forgo a bitter-cold night. It will help preparing brush for the fire, fixing other gear, preparing food to eat, and a plethora of other situations you might find yourself in to prepare for the night.

You also might need to skin an animal you hunted or descale a fish you caught with it. It is small, compact and is designed to be your best sidekick in extreme weather conditions.


If possible, invest in a tent or at least a bivy sack to get you through the long night of sleeping. Find a tent or sleeping bag with an insulated pad to place over the hard, cold ground. At night, most of heat escapes you by way of the ground underneath you. A well-place insulated pad can be the difference between life and death.

Furthermore, having a shelter that you can set up easily and quickly can save you from spending precious time and energy building a snow wall or snow cave.


If you get the basic water, food, and fire gear sections down-packed, keeping yourself warm using the classic greenhouse effect is the extremely vital to your sleeping survival.

A heavy insulated jacket, multi-insulated sleeping bag, wool socks, waterproof and steel toe boots, thermal underwear, fleece mask, wool beanie, and wool gloves are your best bet for keeping the heat within that you worked so hard to generate. Invest more in these items because the heat that is keeping you alive is the heat your own body cultivates. So, keep it close, and keep it hot!


In today’s technological age, it is easy to think GPS first; but, have your primary method of navigation as a physical map. It won’t lose battery when you need it the most and it will not freeze. You may fall asleep and may not recognize where you left off on your route. So, to counter this, mark the spot where you are before you fall into your snooze.

Of course, bring a compass and GPS as well. But, primarily use the compass and map in tandem, and store away the GPS as a last reserve for way-finding.

First-Aid Kit

We never expect when we may get hurt. Especially preparing for and during a freezing night. A first-aid kit is a critical component to this list. It can be easily overlooked as something to not be that concerned about, but it could be your largest chance at life when you need it the most.

Make sure your first-aid kit at least contains gauze dressings, bandages, tweezers, anti-bacterial wipes, a reflective blanket, and a flashlight with working batteries for your night out. These items are always handy helping you out of several predicaments.


Feel free to take notes of this list and read it several times before you have a deep understanding of what gear it takes to survive a night out in the freezing cold. Sleeping in frigid weather is not an undertaking for the faint of heart, so be sure in yourself before you set out on your voyage.

Warm food, clean water, fire creation, a Swiss Army knife, insulated clothing and shelter, dependable navigation, and an emergency kit are all necessary to prepare and successfully carry out night in the dark, unforgiving cold. To always have a sharp knife a knife sharpener is suitable for you when going camping see more here.


Want to go for miles and miles of trekking into the wild exploring the wildlife and the beauty of the nature around you?  But confused about the footwear? Do not worry you have come to the right place. This is the right guide you should follow before you select your shoes for the enthralling trek you are looking forward to.

Shoes play a very significant role during you trek. It can make your trek more comfortable or it can even be the deciding factor in making your trek very tiresome and gruesome.

Nowadays you can find various types of trekking footwear out there in the market. Below are few types of footwear listed out from which you can take your pick as per your wish and requirements.


They look a lot like the trail running shoes. These are lightweight and would not be able to carry much load. They are meant for short treks. These shoes will come to very good use in warm weathers and dry terrains. Some of the recommended shoes brands you can choose from are Salomon, Woodland and Weinbrenner.


Hiking boots are hard rubber soled with their height at or above the ankle. They have a good lasting durability and are made of leather and other such materials. A general misconception most people have about boots is that they are quite on the heavier side, but many of the modern models that you find in the market just weigh around 2-3 pounds. These boots provide very good support for the leg muscles especially if you are hiking on rough terrains where you are more prone to slip and fall. These shoes are best when you go for day hikes and when you are carrying bag packs with weight more than 20-30 pounds.The recommended brands are Forclaz and Kingcamp.


The mountaineering boots are specially designed for winter hiking and climbing, high alpine environments. The design and appearance of the mountaineering boots are similar to that of hiking boots, but these are bulkier and less flexible. These boots consist of multiple layers which are made of insulated inner lining, incorporated gaiters and waterproof lining. The crampons are secured using special ridges.


The design of the approach boot is more like the trail running shoes and hiking shoes. Approach shoes are designed to handle terrain that you are likely to encounter when you head out for climbing, which the hiking shoes can’t be used for although they are used as approach shoes. Approach shoes are specifically suitable for rock climbing destination, scrambling on rocky off trail surfaces or rocky peaks.


These boots are made especially for experienced trekkers who trek though tricky crossings, glacial traverses and so on. They are very high on comfort level. They have thick and more aggressive out soles and the fabric used in these boots are robust too. Your feet will be nicely cushioned due to the insole padding these boots offer. They are not designed to be the mountaineering boots but offer much more than the trek boots. The popular recommended brands are Forclaz and Sportiva.


The hiking boots have different components like the Uppers, midsoles, Internal support and Outsoles.

In the Uppers, the material of the boot will affect its durability, breathability, weight and resistance. Full grain leather, split grain leather, synthetics, waterproof membrane, nubuck leather, vegan, insulation are few of the types of materials whose shoes you can find in the market.

The midsole of a boot provide your feet with the cushioning it requires. It buffers the feet from shock and determines the boots stiffness. EVA and polyurethane are the common materials used for making the midsole

The internal support consists of shanks and plates. Shanks are inserts around 3-5mm in length which are sandwiched between the midsole and outsole to provide load bearing stiffness. Plates are thin semi flexible inserts which protect your feet from bruises and these are placed between upper soles and midsoles, below shanks.

All boot outsoles have rubber; some may have additives like carbon to boost the hardness. Harder the sole the more durable it is, but chances for you to slip also increase drastically.

These are the multiple types of shoes you will get to see in the market for various kinds of treks. After going through these types the next step is to select the proper footwear for yourself. So before choosing the right one you can keep these tips in your mind.

  1. Wear the right socks

Try to go more for the synthetic fabric socks rather than the cotton ones, as you might end up with blisters due to that. You can feel the footwear better with familiar and well fitted socks. You have to make sure you match the thickness of the socks with what you intend to wear.

  1. Don’t buy boots in a jiffy

Spend some time in the shoes when you go boot shopping. Take a stroll through the store wearing those shoes so that you a get a feel of the footwear. Try climbing few inclined surfaces to know how it will feel when you go uphill.

  1. The right fitting

It is always best to get your feet measured before you go for a size. The correct length width and volume would just make it easier for you to choose the correct shoe.

  1. Soles with good grip

Opt for shoes that have soles with really good grip. This would reduce your chances of slipping and hurting yourself when you are on the trek.

  1. Waterproof

We can never predict the weather conditions. It would have been a sunny day and the next minute we know we would be experiencing a heavy rainfall. We don’t want the extra weight of the water to carry with us, do we? So to avoid such issues, go for shoes that have waterproof coating.

  1. Lace knotting

Another strategy you can use for fitting of shoes is one with laces. The different ways you tie a lace can affect the fitting of the shoes. So next time, don’t forget to tie your laces in different styles before heading out on a hike.


That is all folks!


Hunting Essentials That Will Save Your Life

Going into the wilderness is an exhilarating feeling for your long-awaited hunt. But, you know you cannot rush into it without the proper equipment essentials. Even though your confidence may be at all-time high at the start, it can quickly fade if you encounter a dire situation that you know you would have been better off preparing the necessary gear for.

Don’t fall into the trap of failing to prepare. Preparing accordingly for hunting is as invaluable as it is smart. This compilation of hunting essentials will save your back when you need it the most.


Whether it be a lighter, an emergency fire starter, or matches, the ability and skill to start and maintain a fire can save your life.

You can always keep a handful of cheap lighters in your gear set because of the affordability and ease of use. They are small in size, and last a quite a long time in regard to how many times they can light up again and again.

There are plenty of emergency fire starters on the market. They come in forms of durable robs, metal strikers, and more. When your dry brush is ready, strike upon it and watch how easily you can make your emergency fire come to life.

Matches are yet another simply brilliant alternative to the items mentioned above. Just like lighters, you can always host a large quantity of matches on the go with peace of mind. Simple and quick, you can create a life-saving fire in no time.


You will always need a direct method of communication with the outside world. Bringing an extra cellular device and battery can really save your life. A call for help to a loved one or an emergency service could be all that it takes to put you on the road to safety again.

There is no such thing as being too cautious with communication. We are social animals, and we will especially communicate when our lives are on the line.


Your skills with a clear, navigational map and compass will shine on through if you ever find yourself feeling lost. Bring as well to GPS to supplement the map. Use the GPS as a backup to save the battery.

A few wrong turns or mindless wandering can easily, and quite frequently, lead to having to take out the map and compass. Stay focused and you will be back to where you planned in good time.

First-Aid Kit

This might just be the most obvious, yet crucial, item on the list thus far. Using the appropriate gauze size for a blood-gushing injury, splint for a broken bone, or alcohol to disinfect a cut teeming with bacteria are all ways a first-aid kit can save your life.

Set aside the time prior to your hunting trip to review the different applications for the contained items in your first-aid kit. Even though it may seem dull and tedious, it could give you the extra edge in helping yourself or someone else close to you out in the bush when the time comes.

Filtered Water

Clean water, free of bacteria is vital to preventing an untimely death while hunting. It is easy to think of how dehydration can take someone out of the game, but it is laziness that is the real killer. In other words, you need to take the extra time and precaution to filter and cleanse the water that you retrieve naturally. From small streams, roaring rivers, and any source of water you encounter, there is bacteria that can seriously harm you.

Taking a water filter with your gear is essential to achieving a successful hunt when your only options are natural sources of water. If that is not readily available, take the water you want to drink and boil it for at least ten minutes. Let the temperature cool until you see fit to drink. The boiling process kills any unwanted bacteria that pose a threat to your health. Either way, make the most of your effort to purify the water you drink where you hunt.


Almost as critical as water, a shortage of food can thoroughly break your hunting trip. Do not find yourself going hungry on a trip, and pack more than appropriate amount of calories you know you need to intake per day to function well. Do not bring perishable foods if your hunting trip is going to last more than a few days because they are not as functional as protein bars or canned goods.

When you do plan to eat, stay well away from disposable utensils, plates, and cups. They will accumulate as unnecessary garbage. So, just stick to eating out of the pots or skillets you heat your food in or steel kitchenware. This can help save you too by not leaving a portable toilet for predators to be more than interested in what you are packing.

Emergency Blanket

Maintaining a heathy body temperature is critical to human life. If it drops too low, you will freeze to death or entire a debilitating state of hypothermia. This is where a reflective emergency blanket comes in. For any reason you do not have access to the proper attire, this type of blanket is designed to keep heat waves to not escape your body. And, if there is available sunlight, it will redirect the sun’s rays into your direction as well.


Of course, this list does not contain the latest and greatest of cool accessories that hunting stores have to offer. This shows what you need to survive when it really counts. These are the items that are essential to play a major role in saving your life or your hunting partner’s life.

If we just step back and look at what is necessary, it really is not much. But, when your own existence starts to look bleak, any of these hunting essentials are worth their weight in gold when applied correctly to save your life.


The most effective method to Grow Herbs Indoors

Herbs grow best when placed outside, yet there are some that do fine inside in the event that we can give the correct growing conditions.

The main thought is light. Most herbs blossom in full sun. In the event that you have a full-sun presentation at your window, then you ought to be fine. The minimum measure of full-sun every day for some herbs is about 6 hours. Chives are a special case, holding up with about 4 hour’s exposure daily. Thyme loves the led grow light and can require as much as 8 ours exposure daily. During my course of growing herbs, I observed the following:

Most herbs usually incline toward well-depleting soil and don’t endure dampness or sitting in water. Using a lightweight potting mix should suffice place the pot properly and in such a way it will not sit in water.
Something else to consider is the normal life expectancy of the plant. A few herbs are annuals, finishing their lifecycle inside a year. Others are perennials and keep growing for quite a while. Annuals herbs grown outside during the summer may have a while of development left in them and do great on a bright windowsill. Perennials can keep growing for a few years and can take advantage of low-key care inside the house amid the winter to rest up for the following growing season.
Something I’ve seen is, the more aggressive or invasive a herb is outdoor, the less demanding it is when grown inside. Mint is a perfect example of this. Unless you grow them in containers, it can overwhelm an outdoor garden, and started from seed it can flourish inside. Be that as it may, the issue here is, do you truly need mint? In the end, just make sure you grow whatever herb you love.
A few herbs have problematic germination rates, so you might need to utilize starter plants (built up plants from a garden nursery) to grow indoors, or, sow a greater number of seeds than you would like to wind up with. Basil is a decent case of an eccentric seed.
When moving outdoor plants indoors, be mindful. This is an ideal opportunity to repot the plant, expel dead growth, inspect for pests, and give new, light, well-drained potting mix. In the event that there are any indications of irritations or illness, you don’t have to bring it inside.
Herbs are agreeable in direct indoor temperatures of 65 to 70°F (18 to 21°C) with moistness at 30-half.
Harvesting them regularly is ideal for some herbs. Do not harvest more 1/3 of the plant but you can take leaves or sprigs from time to time from a matured plant. This will ensure the plant blossoms and flowering is prevented. Any herb grown for their leaves will turn bitter if allowed to flower.
I’ve listed a ton of things to keep an eye out for, however, if you enjoy indoor gardening and growing herbs, it’s justified despite all the trouble. I grow some herbs salad greens and a handful of indoor vegetables from time to time and it makes me happy to know I have what I need. The idea that I can prepare my meals and make them so crisp and heavenly is breathtaking and I can do all that right from my kitchen.

Gunung Lawu travel guide and tips-How to Travel around Central Java

Ancient tales:

Gunung Lawu travel guide and tips-How to Travel around Central Java
Gunung Lawu travel guide and tips-How to Travel around Central Java

When looking at the history of Gunung Lawu one cannot ignore the story about the three summits, Hargo Dumilah, Hargo Dalem and Hargo Dumling. Each has its own legend and mystery. The story began during the government of Sinuwun Nata Bhrawijaya Pamungkas at Majapahit Kingdom. At that time, the King’s wife, Dara Petak gave birth to a son, Raden Fatah. Unlike his father Raden Fatah chose to convert to Islam as he grew up. He then established a Kingdom in Glagah Wangi (Demark). This caused great grief to his father, who then turned to meditation in search for guidance from God. His newly found understanding and perception showed that the glow of the Majapahit Kingdom would fade away and the divine revelation would shift to the Demak Kingdom.Trekking @ Gunung Lawu Central Java

The King then left the Kingdom and fled to Gunung Lawu escorted by Sabdopalon. Ontheir journey to the summit they met Dipa and Wangsa Menggala, two village heads that escorted the King to Hargo Dalem the summit. Before retreating at Hargo Dalem the King designated Dipa Menggala as the ruler Gunung Lawu and to be in charge of the invisible of the area. The King also appointed Wangsa Menggala as the vice regent and honored him with the title of Kyai Jalak.

Due to their loyalty and perfection of supernatural power, Dipa and Wangsa Menggala turned into mystical creatures to carry out the King’s mandate. Thus until today Gunung Lawu is still closely related to the cultural tradition of the Yogyakarta and Surakarta Palace.

Gunung Lawu travel guide and tips-How to Travel around Central Java
Gunung Lawu travel guide and tips-How to Travel around Central Java

The Massive Gunung Lawu, lying on the border between Central and East Java and is one of Java’s holiest mountains. Mysterious Hindu Temples dot its slopes and because of the colorful past, each year thousand’s of pilgrims seek spiritual enlightenment by climbing its peak. The unique temples on the mountain are actually the last ones that were built in Java before the region converted to Islam. The most famous ones are Candi Sukuhand Candi Ceto. Hiking @ Gunung Lawu

Gunung Lawu travel guide and tips-How to Travel around Central Java
Gunung Lawu travel guide and tips-How to Travel around Central Java

A climb filled with lots of little bonuses:

Due to the colorful history of Gunung Lawu and the fact that annually thousands of pilgrims make their way to the summit it is no surprise that the trek is by far the best maintained path to any summit in Indonesia that is over 3000 meters.

Gunung Lawu travel guide and tips-How to Travel around Central Java
Gunung Lawu travel guide and tips-How to Travel around Central Java

A further bonus is the fact that the starting point is at an altitude at 1800 meters, meaning that the actual climb covers “only “ about 1400 meters altitude. Comfortable accommodation only 150 meters below the summit, giving you a chance to forget your tent at home. To our greatest astonishment our host for the night not only cooked a delicious hot dinner but also stocked a little store with all the essentials for the hungry adventurer. But what makes Gunung Lawu special are the views, which are thoroughly stunning. It is actually very easily possible to climb this mountain in one relatively long 8-9 hour hiking day. However I strongly suggest spending the night near the summit in one of the hostels. Depart during the later part of the morning and reach the summit around 4.  This will give you a terrific chance to marvel at a hopefully spectacular sunset, and then an even more beautiful sunrise the next morning.Trekking @ Gunung Lawu Central Java

A walk in the park:

Gunung Lawu travel guide and tips-How to Travel around Central Java
Gunung Lawu travel guide and tips-How to Travel around Central Java

The adventure starts in Cemoro Sewu where at the beginning of the trek one has to register and pay a small entrance fee. Bring along copies of your ID or Pass Port. An additional packet of clove cigarettes is always most welcomed by the caretakers and will greatly speed up the administrative component, which often can be rather time consuming and frustrating. The entire path to the summit is rather straightforward without offering any specific challenges. The scenery is great and the mountain constantly rewards you with a magnificent landscape. There are 4 pos (rest points) along the route and it will take approximately one hour to reach each of the points. The lower sections will cross some vegetable plantations followed by a forested section and as you get higher the trees will give way to high alpine bush land.Trekking @ Gunung Lawu

Gunung Lawu travel guide and tips-How to Travel around Central Java
Gunung Lawu travel guide and tips-How to Travel around Central Java

Starting point Cemoro Sewu 1800 m:

Pos 1:  Taman Sari Bawah, Wesen-wesen 2203 m

Pos 2: Taman Sari Atas, Watu Gedeg 2589 m

Pos 3:  Sendang Panguripan, Watu Gede 2787 m

Gunung Lawu travel guide and tips-How to Travel around Central Java
Gunung Lawu travel guide and tips-How to Travel around Central Java

Pos 4: Cokro Srengenge, Watu Kapur 3099 m

Overnight camp:  Jolo Tundo  3177 m

Argodumilah: Summit 3265 m

Argodalam:  Second lower summit 3170 m

Gunung Lawu travel guide and tips-How to Travel around Central Java
Gunung Lawu travel guide and tips-How to Travel around Central Java

The descent:

The easiest way back is obviously to take the same path as you come up. However there is actually a rather seldom taken second bath which is a little longer but will end up at the same starting point. It is best to ask for directions at the summit, which the locals will happily give you. Another smart alternative would be to ask a local to guide you for the first ½ hour until you reach the defined trail which is in good condition and can be easily followed. If the weather is clear you will get some fabulous views of Gunung Merapi on the far horizon.Trekking @ Gunung Lawu Central Java

Gunung Lawu travel guide and tips-How to Travel around Central Java
Gunung Lawu travel guide and tips-How to Travel around Central Java

Summery Gunung Lawu:

Elevation: 3065 meters
Gunung Lawu summit  -7.627162, 111.194344
Cemoro Kandang, starting point -7.627162, 111.18782
Location: 110 km northeast from Yogyakarta on the border between central and east. The journey will take roughly 3-4 hours on a public bus

Gunung Lawu travel guide and tips-How to Travel around Central Java
Gunung Lawu travel guide and tips-How to Travel around Central Java

Difficult Grade V2: Moderate: No major obstacles along the entire trek. Keep sudden weather changes in mind and bring a good raincoat and some warm clothing. The morning on the summit can be very windy and very cold.
Physical Challenge V2: Moderate:  Straight forward if you are in reasonable good condition. From all the tall volcanoes in Java, Gunung Lawu is perhaps the easiest one to climb.
Hiking time: 4 ½ hours up and 4 hours down
Water source: 2½ liters is sufficient for the climb. Water available just below the summit in one of the Warungs.
Guide: Not essential
Permit: Registration essential at park entrance in Cemoro Kendang US$0.50
Transport: Yogyakarta-Depok–Prambanan-Ceper-Solo-Mojolaban-Karanganyar- Tawangmangu-Cemoro Kandang. Plenty of public busses available.

Gunung Lawu travel guide and tips-How to Travel around Central Java
Gunung Lawu travel guide and tips-How to Travel around Central Java

Accommodation: There are serviced shelters on the summit, which provide a cooked meal and basic essentials. If you wish to spend the night in the tent then there are several spots just below the summit.