SAFETY GUIDE FOR HIKING

Hiking is an outdoor sport that anybody who loves adventure would enjoy. It is an activity that people of any age can do in tune to their capacity and limits. The thrill that you experience by just wandering off into the wild and enjoying the wildlife can’t be put to words. The beauty that unfolds before your eyes on setting up the camp on a peaceful spot is truly a sight to behold. Watch the sun drown across the horizon, painting the skies with mesmerizing shades of blood red, orange and crimson, which finally transcends into the dark surreal void of the night as you lay amidst the twinkling stars, would only make your hair, stand on end, and send goose bumps all across your skin.

But hiking is not just all thrill and adventure. You have to ensure you have taken the correct safety measures and precautions before you head out on a hike or trip. Or else there are chances that things may indeed turn perilous, if you don’t take proper measures.

Common careless mistakes are enough to put your life in danger

Following are some safety tips that you must follow to have a safe and fun filled hike.

  • There are ten things that you must carry whenever you head out for a hike. In this era of minimalistic luggage and light travel, this might seem unwanted. But it’s always better to be on the safer side than regret later. The ten hiking essentials that you must have with you are insulation, fire, hydration, nutrition, first aid, sun protection, navigation, repair kit and tools, illumination, emergency shelter.
  • Do not go off on a solo hike if you are inexperienced and new to hiking. This will just increase the chances of you risking your life. It’s always better to take someone along with you, it just means more company for you right?
  • You should know where you are headed. As long as you have a map or guidebook and you are sure you won’t get lost in the woods, it’s okay to improvise on your trail. Otherwise its best to stick to the original plan you drew out.
  • Check on the weather forecast before you leave for the hike. This will help you avoid any unwanted dangers like a thunderstorm or heavy rainfall. This will not just spoil your plans but also turn a little risky.
  • Don’t try to be all macho and try to go for a three-day hike when you haven’t even exercised for years. Understand your capabilities and limits and plan according to that. Don’t push yourself too hard and get stuck in a condition where you are not able to go any further be it uphill or downhill. Take a rest every hour even if you don’t feel the requirement. This will help you save up on energy. And anytime you feel over exerted take a good long break till you recover.
  • Being hydrated is one of the most important requirements of a hike. If you won’t drink water, you are just going to feel more dehydrated and tired that will increase the difficulty level of the hike. Your body requires water to function properly, so don’t deprive your body of its essentials.
  • Food is also as important as water. Do not ever hike on an empty stomach. Eat before and after your hike. Since you can’t carry too much food with you on the hike, try carrying energy bars which will provide your body with the carbs and energy it requires while hiking.
  • Dress appropriately while hiking. You might find this tip absurd and wonder why, but trust me this might just keep you safe when you least expect it. Dress in layers, this will help you to adjust to the surrounding climate and always carry raingear with you. You can never trust the weather, can you?
  • If you are feeling sick or exhausted and detect any injuries, make sure you tend to them before continuing. Don’t over exert your body. Take a break whenever you feel yourself tiring.
  • Don’t forget to carry your sunscreens with you even on a cold day. Hikers will be exposed to u-v rays as there are no trees to provide protection. So carry sunglasses and sunblock whenever you head out for a hike.
  • Make sure you have the right amount of illumination. You don’t want to go blind in the dark do you? Carry torches and extra batteries with you. They will help you find your way around in the dark.
  • Don’t touch or try to eat any of the wild fruits or leaves. You never know which fruit might be poisonous. And the last thing you would want is to die because of some wild plant like the guy in the movie,Into the Wild.
  • You should know how to start a fire. This will not just keep you warm but also help in keeping the wild animals away from your camp spot. A waterproof match would do the job.
  • Leave the site the way you found it, as making even the slightest change as shifting rocks might cause something as big as a rockslide. And remember not to leave any food on the trail as that will entice the wild animals which will lead to risking the lives of other hikers.
  • Leave a note with at least two of your friends describing about your plan and the timing you should be back by. So in case you don’t reach by they know they have to contact the required officials. This will help you in case you are in a middle of emergency.
  • Don’t try to threaten animals as they will tend to attack you. So maintain a good distance from them and only pelt stones and other things to shoo them off, if they don’t advance towards you.

 

So make sure you keep all these points in mind before setting off on a hike or trek.

Have a safe and fun filled hike.

HAPPY TREKKING GUYS!

Vital Extreme Cold Weather Gear for Outdoor Sleeping


Extremely cold temperatures do not mess around, so you cannot either when it comes to cold weather sleeping preparation. You need to be prepared as much as you possibly can to survive your night’s sleep in freezing conditions.

Protection against a cold environment calls for the necessary gear to get you in and out alive. The following gear puts the warmth straight back into you and keeps it there throughout the night. These eight categories contain all the essential items and measures you need to take to survive this type of outdoor sleeping.

Before you embark on such of an expedition, make sure you brush up on or learn basic survival skills in freezing conditions. Sleeping in sub-zero conditions can seriously injure or kill you – especially if you do not have the right equipment or knowledge.

Water

First and foremost, your body needs plenty of hydration to accomplish anything and operate smoothly. Without it, you can call your sweet night’s sleep goodbye. Keep water as your number one priority throughout your venture.

Be sure to get an insulated double-wall container – such as a 64-oz. growler with filtered water. Since you will most likely finish the water that you brought from the start of your journey, bring a water filtration system as well. Then, you can convert river water, ice, or snow to your much-needed water reserve.

Food

You need food. Period. For your metabolism to keep running properly, well-planned nutrition is essential to keeping your body warm.

While in freezing conditions, focus on bringing foods that will generate heat for your body: ginger root, hot soup, onion, oats, beans, and tree nuts. Aim to achieve serving the food as warm as you can possibly handle it because the thermal nature of the food will heat your body.

Avoid extremely cooling foods such as bananas, lettuce, tomato, and drinks with ice. These foods are designed for high-heat climates or circumstances to cool the body down. Your entire goal to get a good night’s sleep is to stay warm.

Fire

While camping in the frigid wilderness, you will already be accustomed to gather appropriate materials to start a fire for warmth. If you do not know how to start a fire in regular conditions, do not attempt to go outdoor sleeping in extreme cold weather.

When you are ready for fire starting, bring a few matches and a lighter just in case one or the other checks out of service. Lookout for dry brush, leaves, and thin sticks to start a burning ember. Then, add more dry wood accordingly to the wind and environment conditions.

Just in case, bring an emergency fire starter kit if you come across an unexpected situation of restricted access to basic fire-starting materials.

Multi-Tool

A Swiss Army knife or other useful multi-tool is a vital part of any backpacker looking to forgo a bitter-cold night. It will help preparing brush for the fire, fixing other gear, preparing food to eat, and a plethora of other situations you might find yourself in to prepare for the night.

You also might need to skin an animal you hunted or descale a fish you caught with it. It is small, compact and is designed to be your best sidekick in extreme weather conditions.

Shelter

If possible, invest in a tent or at least a bivy sack to get you through the long night of sleeping. Find a tent or sleeping bag with an insulated pad to place over the hard, cold ground. At night, most of heat escapes you by way of the ground underneath you. A well-place insulated pad can be the difference between life and death.

Furthermore, having a shelter that you can set up easily and quickly can save you from spending precious time and energy building a snow wall or snow cave.

Insulation

If you get the basic water, food, and fire gear sections down-packed, keeping yourself warm using the classic greenhouse effect is the extremely vital to your sleeping survival.

A heavy insulated jacket, multi-insulated sleeping bag, wool socks, waterproof and steel toe boots, thermal underwear, fleece mask, wool beanie, and wool gloves are your best bet for keeping the heat within that you worked so hard to generate. Invest more in these items because the heat that is keeping you alive is the heat your own body cultivates. So, keep it close, and keep it hot!

Navigation

In today’s technological age, it is easy to think GPS first; but, have your primary method of navigation as a physical map. It won’t lose battery when you need it the most and it will not freeze. You may fall asleep and may not recognize where you left off on your route. So, to counter this, mark the spot where you are before you fall into your snooze.

Of course, bring a compass and GPS as well. But, primarily use the compass and map in tandem, and store away the GPS as a last reserve for way-finding.

First-Aid Kit

We never expect when we may get hurt. Especially preparing for and during a freezing night. A first-aid kit is a critical component to this list. It can be easily overlooked as something to not be that concerned about, but it could be your largest chance at life when you need it the most.

Make sure your first-aid kit at least contains gauze dressings, bandages, tweezers, anti-bacterial wipes, a reflective blanket, and a flashlight with working batteries for your night out. These items are always handy helping you out of several predicaments.

Summary

Feel free to take notes of this list and read it several times before you have a deep understanding of what gear it takes to survive a night out in the freezing cold. Sleeping in frigid weather is not an undertaking for the faint of heart, so be sure in yourself before you set out on your voyage.

Warm food, clean water, fire creation, a Swiss Army knife, insulated clothing and shelter, dependable navigation, and an emergency kit are all necessary to prepare and successfully carry out night in the dark, unforgiving cold.

GUIDE TO YOUR PERFECT HIKE SHOES

Want to go for miles and miles of trekking into the wild exploring the wildlife and the beauty of the nature around you?  But confused…

Hunting Essentials That Will Save Your Life

Going into the wilderness is an exhilarating feeling for your long-awaited hunt. But, you know you cannot rush into it without the proper equipment essentials. Even though your confidence may be at all-time high at the start, it can quickly fade if you encounter a dire situation that you know you would have been better off preparing the necessary gear for.

Don’t fall into the trap of failing to prepare. Preparing accordingly for hunting is as invaluable as it is smart. This compilation of hunting essentials will save your back when you need it the most.

Firestarter

Whether it be a lighter, an emergency fire starter, or matches, the ability and skill to start and maintain a fire can save your life.

You can always keep a handful of cheap lighters in your gear set because of the affordability and ease of use. They are small in size, and last a quite a long time in regard to how many times they can light up again and again.

There are plenty of emergency fire starters on the market. They come in forms of durable robs, metal strikers, and more. When your dry brush is ready, strike upon it and watch how easily you can make your emergency fire come to life.

Matches are yet another simply brilliant alternative to the items mentioned above. Just like lighters, you can always host a large quantity of matches on the go with peace of mind. Simple and quick, you can create a life-saving fire in no time.

Cellphone

You will always need a direct method of communication with the outside world. Bringing an extra cellular device and battery can really save your life. A call for help to a loved one or an emergency service could be all that it takes to put you on the road to safety again.

There is no such thing as being too cautious with communication. We are social animals, and we will especially communicate when our lives are on the line.

Wayfinding

Your skills with a clear, navigational map and compass will shine on through if you ever find yourself feeling lost. Bring as well to GPS to supplement the map. Use the GPS as a backup to save the battery.

A few wrong turns or mindless wandering can easily, and quite frequently, lead to having to take out the map and compass. Stay focused and you will be back to where you planned in good time.

First-Aid Kit

This might just be the most obvious, yet crucial, item on the list thus far. Using the appropriate gauze size for a blood-gushing injury, splint for a broken bone, or alcohol to disinfect a cut teeming with bacteria are all ways a first-aid kit can save your life.

Set aside the time prior to your hunting trip to review the different applications for the contained items in your first-aid kit. Even though it may seem dull and tedious, it could give you the extra edge in helping yourself or someone else close to you out in the bush when the time comes.

Filtered Water

Clean water, free of bacteria is vital to preventing an untimely death while hunting. It is easy to think of how dehydration can take someone out of the game, but it is laziness that is the real killer. In other words, you need to take the extra time and precaution to filter and cleanse the water that you retrieve naturally. From small streams, roaring rivers, and any source of water you encounter, there is bacteria that can seriously harm you.

Taking a water filter with your gear is essential to achieving a successful hunt when your only options are natural sources of water. If that is not readily available, take the water you want to drink and boil it for at least ten minutes. Let the temperature cool until you see fit to drink. The boiling process kills any unwanted bacteria that pose a threat to your health. Either way, make the most of your effort to purify the water you drink where you hunt.

Food

Almost as critical as water, a shortage of food can thoroughly break your hunting trip. Do not find yourself going hungry on a trip, and pack more than appropriate amount of calories you know you need to intake per day to function well. Do not bring perishable foods if your hunting trip is going to last more than a few days because they are not as functional as protein bars or canned goods.

When you do plan to eat, stay well away from disposable utensils, plates, and cups. They will accumulate as unnecessary garbage. So, just stick to eating out of the pots or skillets you heat your food in or steel kitchenware. This can help save you too by not leaving a portable toilet for predators to be more than interested in what you are packing.

Emergency Blanket

Maintaining a heathy body temperature is critical to human life. If it drops too low, you will freeze to death or entire a debilitating state of hypothermia. This is where a reflective emergency blanket comes in. For any reason you do not have access to the proper attire, this type of blanket is designed to keep heat waves to not escape your body. And, if there is available sunlight, it will redirect the sun’s rays into your direction as well.

Summary

Of course, this list does not contain the latest and greatest of cool accessories that hunting stores have to offer. This shows what you need to survive when it really counts. These are the items that are essential to play a major role in saving your life or your hunting partner’s life.

If we just step back and look at what is necessary, it really is not much. But, when your own existence starts to look bleak, any of these hunting essentials are worth their weight in gold when applied correctly to save your life.

Source: http://www.css.edu/student-affairs/student-life/campus-rec/outdoor-pursuit.html

The most effective method to Grow Herbs Indoors

Herbs grow best when placed outside, yet there are some that do fine inside in the event that we can give the correct growing conditions.

The main thought is light. Most herbs blossom in full sun. In the event that you have a full-sun presentation at your window, then you ought to be fine. The minimum measure of full-sun every day for some herbs is about 6 hours. Chives are a special case, holding up with about 4 hour’s exposure daily. Thyme loves the led grow light and can require as much as 8 ours exposure daily. During my course of growing herbs, I observed the following:

Most herbs usually incline toward well-depleting soil and don’t endure dampness or sitting in water. Using a lightweight potting mix should suffice place the pot properly and in such a way it will not sit in water.
Something else to consider is the normal life expectancy of the plant. A few herbs are annuals, finishing their lifecycle inside a year. Others are perennials and keep growing for quite a while. Annuals herbs grown outside during the summer may have a while of development left in them and do great on a bright windowsill. Perennials can keep growing for a few years and can take advantage of low-key care inside the house amid the winter to rest up for the following growing season.
Something I’ve seen is, the more aggressive or invasive a herb is outdoor, the less demanding it is when grown inside. Mint is a perfect example of this. Unless you grow them in containers, it can overwhelm an outdoor garden, and started from seed it can flourish inside. Be that as it may, the issue here is, do you truly need mint? In the end, just make sure you grow whatever herb you love.
A few herbs have problematic germination rates, so you might need to utilize starter plants (built up plants from a garden nursery) to grow indoors, or, sow a greater number of seeds than you would like to wind up with. Basil is a decent case of an eccentric seed.
When moving outdoor plants indoors, be mindful. This is an ideal opportunity to repot the plant, expel dead growth, inspect for pests, and give new, light, well-drained potting mix. In the event that there are any indications of irritations or illness, you don’t have to bring it inside.
Herbs are agreeable in direct indoor temperatures of 65 to 70°F (18 to 21°C) with moistness at 30-half.
Harvesting them regularly is ideal for some herbs. Do not harvest more 1/3 of the plant but you can take leaves or sprigs from time to time from a matured plant. This will ensure the plant blossoms and flowering is prevented. Any herb grown for their leaves will turn bitter if allowed to flower.
I’ve listed a ton of things to keep an eye out for, however, if you enjoy indoor gardening and growing herbs, it’s justified despite all the trouble. I grow some herbs salad greens and a handful of indoor vegetables from time to time and it makes me happy to know I have what I need. The idea that I can prepare my meals and make them so crisp and heavenly is breathtaking and I can do all that right from my kitchen.