Snake Bite: What To Do First

Snake Bite - What To Do First
Snake Bite – What To Do First

So, you have been bitten by a snake! No one wants to be put in such a situation! Rather than crying and feeling self-pity, you should be quick on your feet. With this, in the rest of this post, we will quickly have a look at some of the best things to do after a snake bite. These things will be critical for your survival in a life and death situation. You might not realize it, but some snakes have venoms that could kill you in a matter of seconds!

Stay out of the Site

After being bitten by a snake, the first thing that needs to be done is to get out of the site. Chances are, the snake is still there and can worsen the situation. Compose yourself and stay as calm as possible. If you panic, you won’t be able to act in your best interest. Look for a safe place and ask for help.

Remove Tight Clothes and Accessories

In most instances, a snake bite can lead to swelling. With this, once you are in a safe location, take care of anything that could be constricted when swelling occurs. Your first aid kit for a snake bite should contain scissors that will make it easy to cut accessories and clothes for the part with the snake bite to breathe when it starts to swell.

Clean the Wound

The next thing that you have to do is to clean it. You need to have the right tools to be able to do it. Avoid flushing it with water. At all times, do not cut or open the wound, especially if you do not have medical knowledge. It would be best to clean it with water and an antibacterial soap. Avoid using soap with harsh chemicals and alcohol as this can only lead to irritation.

Cover the Bite

After cleaning the snake bite, you should not leave it open as it can be exposed to external elements that could result in an infection. Allow the surface to dry after cleaning and cover it with a loose and sterile dressing. Do not cover it if the wound is still bleeding.

Execute the Pressure Immobilization Technique

This is one of the most effective ways to deal with a snake bite, specifically if it is in the arm or leg. It uses both pressure and immobilization to prevent the venom from affecting the other parts of the body, which is possible as it slows down the lymphatic flow. You will need to have a bandage that will restrict the flow of the venom.

Follow Up

Once first aid has been given, a medical follow up is necessary. For instance, if you have been camping in the forest, it would be best to cut the trip short and visit the nearest hospital where you will be given medical attention. This way, a doctor can provide precautions and medications to make sure that the venom won’t incapacitate your system.

Vital Extreme Cold Weather Gear for Outdoor Sleeping


Extremely cold temperatures do not mess around, so you cannot either when it comes to cold weather sleeping preparation. You need to be prepared as much as you possibly can to survive your night’s sleep in freezing conditions.

Protection against a cold environment calls for the necessary gear to get you in and out alive. The following gear puts the warmth straight back into you and keeps it there throughout the night. These eight categories contain all the essential items and measures you need to take to survive this type of outdoor sleeping.

Before you embark on such of an expedition, make sure you brush up on or learn basic survival skills in freezing conditions. Sleeping in sub-zero conditions can seriously injure or kill you – especially if you do not have the right equipment or knowledge.

Water

First and foremost, your body needs plenty of hydration to accomplish anything and operate smoothly. Without it, you can call your sweet night’s sleep goodbye. Keep water as your number one priority throughout your venture.

Be sure to get an insulated double-wall container – such as a 64-oz. growler with filtered water. Since you will most likely finish the water that you brought from the start of your journey, bring a water filtration system as well. Then, you can convert river water, ice, or snow to your much-needed water reserve.

Food

You need food. Period. For your metabolism to keep running properly, well-planned nutrition is essential to keeping your body warm.

While in freezing conditions, focus on bringing foods that will generate heat for your body: ginger root, hot soup, onion, oats, beans, and tree nuts. Aim to achieve serving the food as warm as you can possibly handle it because the thermal nature of the food will heat your body.

Avoid extremely cooling foods such as bananas, lettuce, tomato, and drinks with ice. These foods are designed for high-heat climates or circumstances to cool the body down. Your entire goal to get a good night’s sleep is to stay warm.

Fire

While camping in the frigid wilderness, you will already be accustomed to gather appropriate materials to start a fire for warmth. If you do not know how to start a fire in regular conditions, do not attempt to go outdoor sleeping in extreme cold weather.

When you are ready for fire starting, bring a few matches and a lighter just in case one or the other checks out of service. Lookout for dry brush, leaves, and thin sticks to start a burning ember. Then, add more dry wood accordingly to the wind and environment conditions.

Just in case, bring an emergency fire starter kit if you come across an unexpected situation of restricted access to basic fire-starting materials.

Multi-Tool

A Swiss Army knife or other useful multi-tool is a vital part of any backpacker looking to forgo a bitter-cold night. It will help preparing brush for the fire, fixing other gear, preparing food to eat, and a plethora of other situations you might find yourself in to prepare for the night.

You also might need to skin an animal you hunted or descale a fish you caught with it. It is small, compact and is designed to be your best sidekick in extreme weather conditions.

Shelter

If possible, invest in a tent or at least a bivy sack to get you through the long night of sleeping. Find a tent or sleeping bag with an insulated pad to place over the hard, cold ground. At night, most of heat escapes you by way of the ground underneath you. A well-place insulated pad can be the difference between life and death.

Furthermore, having a shelter that you can set up easily and quickly can save you from spending precious time and energy building a snow wall or snow cave.

Insulation

If you get the basic water, food, and fire gear sections down-packed, keeping yourself warm using the classic greenhouse effect is the extremely vital to your sleeping survival.

A heavy insulated jacket, multi-insulated sleeping bag, wool socks, waterproof and steel toe boots, thermal underwear, fleece mask, wool beanie, and wool gloves are your best bet for keeping the heat within that you worked so hard to generate. Invest more in these items because the heat that is keeping you alive is the heat your own body cultivates. So, keep it close, and keep it hot!

Navigation

In today’s technological age, it is easy to think GPS first; but, have your primary method of navigation as a physical map. It won’t lose battery when you need it the most and it will not freeze. You may fall asleep and may not recognize where you left off on your route. So, to counter this, mark the spot where you are before you fall into your snooze.

Of course, bring a compass and GPS as well. But, primarily use the compass and map in tandem, and store away the GPS as a last reserve for way-finding.

First-Aid Kit

We never expect when we may get hurt. Especially preparing for and during a freezing night. A first-aid kit is a critical component to this list. It can be easily overlooked as something to not be that concerned about, but it could be your largest chance at life when you need it the most.

Make sure your first-aid kit at least contains gauze dressings, bandages, tweezers, anti-bacterial wipes, a reflective blanket, and a flashlight with working batteries for your night out. These items are always handy helping you out of several predicaments.

Summary

Feel free to take notes of this list and read it several times before you have a deep understanding of what gear it takes to survive a night out in the freezing cold. Sleeping in frigid weather is not an undertaking for the faint of heart, so be sure in yourself before you set out on your voyage.

Warm food, clean water, fire creation, a Swiss Army knife, insulated clothing and shelter, dependable navigation, and an emergency kit are all necessary to prepare and successfully carry out night in the dark, unforgiving cold.

Hunting Essentials That Will Save Your Life

Going into the wilderness is an exhilarating feeling for your long-awaited hunt. But, you know you cannot rush into it without the proper equipment essentials. Even though your confidence may be at all-time high at the start, it can quickly fade if you encounter a dire situation that you know you would have been better off preparing the necessary gear for.

Don’t fall into the trap of failing to prepare. Preparing accordingly for hunting is as invaluable as it is smart. This compilation of hunting essentials will save your back when you need it the most.

Firestarter

Whether it be a lighter, an emergency fire starter, or matches, the ability and skill to start and maintain a fire can save your life.

You can always keep a handful of cheap lighters in your gear set because of the affordability and ease of use. They are small in size, and last a quite a long time in regard to how many times they can light up again and again.

There are plenty of emergency fire starters on the market. They come in forms of durable robs, metal strikers, and more. When your dry brush is ready, strike upon it and watch how easily you can make your emergency fire come to life.

Matches are yet another simply brilliant alternative to the items mentioned above. Just like lighters, you can always host a large quantity of matches on the go with peace of mind. Simple and quick, you can create a life-saving fire in no time.

Cellphone

You will always need a direct method of communication with the outside world. Bringing an extra cellular device and battery can really save your life. A call for help to a loved one or an emergency service could be all that it takes to put you on the road to safety again.

There is no such thing as being too cautious with communication. We are social animals, and we will especially communicate when our lives are on the line.

Wayfinding

Your skills with a clear, navigational map and compass will shine on through if you ever find yourself feeling lost. Bring as well to GPS to supplement the map. Use the GPS as a backup to save the battery.

A few wrong turns or mindless wandering can easily, and quite frequently, lead to having to take out the map and compass. Stay focused and you will be back to where you planned in good time.

First-Aid Kit

This might just be the most obvious, yet crucial, item on the list thus far. Using the appropriate gauze size for a blood-gushing injury, splint for a broken bone, or alcohol to disinfect a cut teeming with bacteria are all ways a first-aid kit can save your life.

Set aside the time prior to your hunting trip to review the different applications for the contained items in your first-aid kit. Even though it may seem dull and tedious, it could give you the extra edge in helping yourself or someone else close to you out in the bush when the time comes.

Filtered Water

Clean water, free of bacteria is vital to preventing an untimely death while hunting. It is easy to think of how dehydration can take someone out of the game, but it is laziness that is the real killer. In other words, you need to take the extra time and precaution to filter and cleanse the water that you retrieve naturally. From small streams, roaring rivers, and any source of water you encounter, there is bacteria that can seriously harm you.

Taking a water filter with your gear is essential to achieving a successful hunt when your only options are natural sources of water. If that is not readily available, take the water you want to drink and boil it for at least ten minutes. Let the temperature cool until you see fit to drink. The boiling process kills any unwanted bacteria that pose a threat to your health. Either way, make the most of your effort to purify the water you drink where you hunt.

Food

Almost as critical as water, a shortage of food can thoroughly break your hunting trip. Do not find yourself going hungry on a trip, and pack more than appropriate amount of calories you know you need to intake per day to function well. Do not bring perishable foods if your hunting trip is going to last more than a few days because they are not as functional as protein bars or canned goods.

When you do plan to eat, stay well away from disposable utensils, plates, and cups. They will accumulate as unnecessary garbage. So, just stick to eating out of the pots or skillets you heat your food in or steel kitchenware. This can help save you too by not leaving a portable toilet for predators to be more than interested in what you are packing.

Emergency Blanket

Maintaining a heathy body temperature is critical to human life. If it drops too low, you will freeze to death or entire a debilitating state of hypothermia. This is where a reflective emergency blanket comes in. For any reason you do not have access to the proper attire, this type of blanket is designed to keep heat waves to not escape your body. And, if there is available sunlight, it will redirect the sun’s rays into your direction as well.

Summary

Of course, this list does not contain the latest and greatest of cool accessories that hunting stores have to offer. This shows what you need to survive when it really counts. These are the items that are essential to play a major role in saving your life or your hunting partner’s life.

If we just step back and look at what is necessary, it really is not much. But, when your own existence starts to look bleak, any of these hunting essentials are worth their weight in gold when applied correctly to save your life.

Source: http://www.css.edu/student-affairs/student-life/campus-rec/outdoor-pursuit.html