Snake Bite: What To Do First

Snake Bite - What To Do First
Snake Bite – What To Do First

So, you have been bitten by a snake! No one wants to be put in such a situation! Rather than crying and feeling self-pity, you should be quick on your feet. With this, in the rest of this post, we will quickly have a look at some of the best things to do after a snake bite. These things will be critical for your survival in a life and death situation. You might not realize it, but some snakes have venoms that could kill you in a matter of seconds!

Stay out of the Site

After being bitten by a snake, the first thing that needs to be done is to get out of the site. Chances are, the snake is still there and can worsen the situation. Compose yourself and stay as calm as possible. If you panic, you won’t be able to act in your best interest. Look for a safe place and ask for help.

Remove Tight Clothes and Accessories

In most instances, a snake bite can lead to swelling. With this, once you are in a safe location, take care of anything that could be constricted when swelling occurs. Your first aid kit for a snake bite should contain scissors that will make it easy to cut accessories and clothes for the part with the snake bite to breathe when it starts to swell.

Clean the Wound

The next thing that you have to do is to clean it. You need to have the right tools to be able to do it. Avoid flushing it with water. At all times, do not cut or open the wound, especially if you do not have medical knowledge. It would be best to clean it with water and an antibacterial soap. Avoid using soap with harsh chemicals and alcohol as this can only lead to irritation.

Cover the Bite

After cleaning the snake bite, you should not leave it open as it can be exposed to external elements that could result in an infection. Allow the surface to dry after cleaning and cover it with a loose and sterile dressing. Do not cover it if the wound is still bleeding.

Execute the Pressure Immobilization Technique

This is one of the most effective ways to deal with a snake bite, specifically if it is in the arm or leg. It uses both pressure and immobilization to prevent the venom from affecting the other parts of the body, which is possible as it slows down the lymphatic flow. You will need to have a bandage that will restrict the flow of the venom.

Follow Up

Once first aid has been given, a medical follow up is necessary. For instance, if you have been camping in the forest, it would be best to cut the trip short and visit the nearest hospital where you will be given medical attention. This way, a doctor can provide precautions and medications to make sure that the venom won’t incapacitate your system.

type of water snakes

florida water snakes

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Gunung Batukaru travel guide and tips-How to Travel around Bali

From Tabanan to Pura Lahur Batukau


Tabanan and Mengwi were once powerful and warring regencies, until the Dutch conquest of southern Bali in 1906. Unlike the Raja King of Karangasam to the east, the Tabanan Raja had no agreement with the Dutch and lost rights to his lands, which were then distributed among the councils of individual villages. With their own land, the community thrived. Together with the other southern regencies, Badung, Gianjar and Tabanan from the island’s most prosperous region, an extension of the rich rice belt. Tabanan is the capital of the district of the same name. The city is large, relatively well organized and a renowned center for dancing and gamelan. Trekking @ Gunung Batukaru

Traveling from Nusa Dua, Kuta or Sanur follow the road signs towards Gilimanuk into center Kota of Tabanana. Here it can be quiet tricky to actually find the turn off where the street heads north gradually up the slops towards Pura Lahur Batukau. The 20 km exceptional scenic road leads through several small villages and passed miles of neatly terraced rice fields which are among the most picturesque in Bali Hiking @ Gunung Batukaru Bali.

Pura Lahur Batukau

At the steep road north of Meliling past Wongaya Gede, about halfway up the slops of the towering 2200 meter high Gunung Batukau, perches the Pura Lahur temple. An unusual complex of shrines and a pool set amidst lush, tropical rain forest. The main enclosure lies at the northern end of the complex, with two smaller temples, Pura Dalem and Pura Panyaum, to the South. A man made lake to the East completes the “cosmic” design. Trekking @ Gunung Batukaru.

Some History

This was the state ancestral temple of the Tabanan court, and each of the shrines represents a different dynastic ancestor. Di Made, ruler of the Gelgel between 1665 and 1686, is represented by a shrine with a 7 -tiered roof, and Cokarde Tabanan by one with 3-tiered roof. All of the shrines are very modest, without much ornamentation, which gives a great feeling of unity to the complex.The nearby pond is fed by the river Aa. In the center are two pavilions on a little isle, one for the goddess of Lake Tamblingan and one for the Lord of Mt. Batukau. The sacred peak thus surrounded by waters can be compared with the mythical Mt. Meru where the Gods reside, enjoying themselves in floating pavilions. Hiking @ Gunung Batukaru Bali.

The preparation

As Gunung Batukau is a seldom visited mountain it can be rather challenging to find a guide. We advise you to get to the temple during the later part of the afternoon and arrange a guide for the next mornings hike. Be prepared to pay a rather steep US$50- US$80 which is outrageous but anything less will not get you a leader which is absolute essential. A terrific place to spend the night is at the Prana Davi Eco lodge on the higher northern side of Meliling about 2 km before the temple. If you wish to be on the summit for sunrise then an early 1.30 am departure is essential. Over the passed years we read many different reports about the actual climb and the time it will take. Often we come across reports that trekking to Batukau is far more challenging then a venture to the summit of Gunung Agung. For us it was always clear that the hiking adventure starts at around 800 meter over sea level and the summit of Batukaru is at approximately 2200 meter or 1400 meter higher. This with the fact that on a normal mountain we normally gain between 400 to 450 meter altitude an hour meant that reaching the summit will take a good 4 hours including 30 minutes rest time. Well we where just about ready to experience the excitement of yet another long extinct volcano. Trekking @ Gunung Batukaru

Unexpected discovery

When we attempted to climb Gunung Batukaru for the first time a few weeks earlier we become seriously lost in very tens forest. The wrong route lead us right into something we really did not want to see. Massive clearing of virgin rainforest to make space for coffee plantations. This in complete contrast to where the actual trek leads up through still very pristine forest. Despite this unexpected encounter we come passed many picturesque sights during our short three hour early morning trekking adventure. hiking @ Gunung Batukaru Bali

The tricky first kilometer

The adventure starts at the car park of Pura Lahur Batukau. Make certain to bring a good torch light as most of the hike will be in tens seldom ventured rain forest. From the car park walk through the large Jandi temple gate and follow the path keeping to the left actually going around the temple. After about 100 meters head left again and follow a long building all the way to the end until you reach steps leading down to the river. Just as you get to the steps there is a sign Puncak Batukau attached on a large tree. A small trek will lead you for 150 meter down to the river. River crossingWhen you get to the river look for a crossing on the left side which will bring you back to the path leading up the ravine for another good 100 meter. The trek then meets another path where you have to turn right. Follow the path for perhaps another 20 or 30 meters and look for the next turn off to the right. Once your passed this next crossing then you can’t get lost anymore, except in a few areas in the jungle where the path is not clearly visible. Trekking @ Gunung Batukaru.

The forest

It was on this junction during our first attempt to reach the summit, that we head straight on, ending up an hour later on a dead end somewhere in the midst of tens forest. Unfortunately it was during this first trial that we come passed large areas of this beautiful forest that is being brutally cleared to make space for coffee yet another plantations. Hiking @ Gunung Batukaru Bali

Leeches

Once passed the halve way mark at around 1500 meter the forest becomes very wet and extremely humid making the trek often very slippery and the going rather dirty. Here you reached the perfect habitat for leeches. Stop frequently and check for this nasty parasites, not forgetting a quick check of your private parts. Unfortunately you will definitely miss some and as a result you end up with rather itchy memories which can be seen for weeks to come. We understand that in some cultures this miserable creatures are used for medical purposes and that people actually pay money to have their blood sucked.!!! Strange humor…….Trekking @ Gunung Batukaru

The final 300 meter altitude

Eventually the going gets very slow as you need to make your way through the very tens undergrowth of this seldom taken path. In several areas it is essential to be very careful as you have to climb through sections where the path has been washed down by resent heavy tropical storms. On the positive side it is in this section where the forest finally opens up and allows you terrific views to the south, west and north. If you are on the way to see the sunrise then by now early day light give you a first glimpse of Bali in every direction. Hiking @ Gunung Batukaru Bali.

The summit

Eventually the summit is reached after a comfortable 4 hours of enjoyable jungle hiking. In comparison to other volcanoes definitely not the hardest one, but as we have learned each mountain has it’s own beauty and Gunung Batukau will definitely be remembered for it’s endless leeches invested rainforest. The summit is home to various shrines which are the final destiny for many pilgrimages from villages surrounding Gunung Batukaru. SummitThis fact would give you the possibility to descent from the mountain taking one of the three other treks ending at this final destination.Seen from Bedugul As I sit here and write this short story I am seriously considering to return to the hill village of Bedugul to find yet another guide which can show us another path through the jungle to the summit. Trekking @ Gunung Batukaru Bali

Direction to Gunung Batukaru

Gunung Abang travel guide and tips-How to Travel around Bali

The setting:

If it is your aim to get off the beaten trek in Bali and discover a spectacular volcanic wonderland from a different angle, then Gunung Abang has something very special on offer. Every guidebook and tourist office will sell and recommend you a sunrise on the crater rim of Gunung Batur, which is the central cone of the Kintamani Caldera. With a diameter of 10 km, a colorful lake embedded on the south and the ancient Aga village of Trunyan on its shores,  the area offers plenty of eruptive history as well as cultural anecdotes making it a must visit destination. However due to the popularity as a tourist destination there is a rather sad downside making a visit not always very pleasant. The healthy tourist trade brought in lots of welcomed tourist dollars, which also spoiled and tarnished the helpfulness and sincerity of the locals. Hiking @ Gunung Abang

Prayers as business:

There is really one incident that comes to my mind when we recall our journey to Gunung Abang. Please keep in mind that my wife Puji is Balinese and joined me on this adventure. On the way out of Kintamani towards the starting point of the trail one has to follow the main road towards Pura Besakih the mother temple. Within five minutes following the winding road along the caldera we were stopped by a Balinese lady carrying a tray of offerings. It is common practice that such ladies will place an offering on your windscreen, do a little prayer and then ask for a small donation.Offerings This was slightly different in this instance, where the lady did not place one but decorated the car with a dozen offerings, spoke a loud prayer for my wife, then come around the car and repeated the same with me, went back to my wife and demanded a little donation of Rp.300’000 which is the equivalent of about US$35 or the disposable income that a Balinese family would have in five days. This really displays the attitude many of the locals in the area have towards foreigners. However once you overcome this hurdle then your adventure into the highland of Bali will become a most memorable and positive discovery. Trekking @ Gunung Abang

Trunyan on the foot of Gunung Abang:

On the shore of Lake Batur and on the foot of Gunung Abang lies one of the two remaining ancient Aga Villages of Bali that offer a rather macabre tourist attraction. Think twice before you decide to visit the rather unusual grave yard.There is a small cemetery known as Trunyan, where people from the nearby village of Kuban “bring” their dead to rest on top of the ground. This unusual practice has become something of a macabre tourist attraction. Perhaps it is not really an “attraction” but a place that pricks people’s curiosity. The local people, though, have clearly become used to tourists coming to this site and so haggle constantly for donations, which apparently are then given to the dead.

Seen fro Gunung BaturOne can only reach this site by boat, a small fleet of which await visitors at the end of a wooden jetty where the stunning Mount Batur looks on. Crossing the lake to Trunyan takes about 30 minutes and upon arrival a small huddle of men awaits any arriving boats.

The cemetery is small and in desperate need of maintenance. Although this is the final resting place a sense of respect for the dead does seem to be in short supply here. Human skulls are lined up on stonewall shelves and bones are scattered all over the floor, which creates a rather eerie sight. However the elderly will invite you to pick up a skull and pose together with you for a photo, this of course for a generous donation.Trekking @ Gunung Abang

In this final resting place, the bodies of the deceased are just covered in cloth and laid into a bamboo cages on the floor below a huge banyan tree. These cages are flimsy and practically leave the body out in the open to the elements.

Seen from Gunung AgungThis creates an obvious concern; dead bodies left out in the open will of course decompose and the potential for unwelcome odors and even health concerns is real. However here, apparently, the presence of a banyan tree, described as holy, has warded off such concerns.

The huge banyan tree seems to stand as a guarding and protective figure of this cemetery. Its leaves carpet the ground around the gravesite and presumably this is part of the way in which the tree keeps the area free from unwelcome odors and so on. Trekking @ Gunung Abang Bali

To the start of the trail:

Follow the main road from the main tourist area in Kintamani towards the mother temple Pura Besakih. The road follows for the first 4 km right along the rim of the caldera. Then unmistakable the road will turn right descending down the hillside. It is here where a small road leads straight ahead and continues to follow the crater rim. Then after about one kilometer you will reach Pura Munggu in Desa Abang a small temple with a large car park. It is wise to park here and ask the lady in the small Warung to look after your vehicle while you make your way to the summit.

From here it will take about 20 minutes along the slowly deteriorating small road that is used as farm trek by locals to bring their harvest to the markets in the valley. After about two kilometers or 25 minutes hiking the small road will part from the crater rim and make a sharp right turn that marks the beginning of the trail. Here on the left is a small clearing in the forest which makes it possible to park a car or your motor bikes. Hiking @ Gunung Abang Bali

The hike: Trail in the forest

If you depart early in the morning to be on the summit for sunrise, then the first 20 minutes ask for a little extra attention to stay on the right trail. In this lower section the forest is regularly harvested  for wood to make charcoal, which results in a criss cross of paths that often end up in the midst of very dense forest.

Worshipers mostly visit Gunung Abang during auspicious days for prayers at the temple on the summit. It looked like during our visit, we must have been the first visitors in a long time to take this route as such large portions of the trail were heavily overgrown and virtually not visible. Despite this fact one seems to be able to work out relatively easily which way to go. Trekking @ Gunung Abang Bali

The 2-½ hour ascent can be divided into three distinctive sections. The first 30-minute leads comfortably steeply up through healthy high altitude forest, where one makes good progress. Yes the path is partially heavily over grown, but offers very little technical challenges. This section will end at a little shrine right on the rim of the crater that offers tremendous views on the way down.

Then just after this little shrine it gets really steep and rather slow going for the next 30 minutes. One must take a little extra care and at times hands are needed for additional protection and safety. There are some rather high steps where one has to scramble over and across. This section ends again in a flatter area where there are four little shrines that are frequently used by worshippers on their way to the summit.

Following a short flat 50 meters the trail leads again steeply up into the forest. This final section will take a good 45 minutes and give your body a terrific physical work out. Yes it is steep, but the track is covered with lots of foliage offering plenty of grips on the way up and down, making it a most memorable section.

What really touched me deeply when I reach the summit was the combination of a completely overgrown temple that glowed up in the early morning sunlight. There was something very mythical and mystic on this summit, which gave me the feeling that you would be in direct contact with the spirits that own and possess this mountain. I was most fortunate and privileged that I was able to spend well over one hour all on my own enjoying the stunning scenery that unveiled in front of me. Gunung Batur and Kintamani to the North. Gunung Rinjani on Lombok in the fare East and through the woods I was able to spot the contour of Gunung Agung to the South. Hiking @ Gunung Abang

Summery Gunung Abang:

  • Elevation:  2151 meters
  • Coordinates:           
  • Summit:                        -8.280464,115.429659
  • Starting point:            -8.2859,115.409317
  • View from Summit
  • Temple car park:            -8.2859,115.409317
  • Kintamani turn off:            -8.284201,115.365114
  • Location:           
  • North East Bali 80 km from Ngurah Rai international airport
  • Difficult Grade:   relatively easy.
  • Gunung Batur
  • Physical Challenge: 3  One should be in good physical condition.
  • Some sections offer some moderate challenges.
  • Hiking time:  4-5 hours for round trip
  • Water source: No water source on mountain. 2 ½ liters should be sufficient.
  • Summit in the clouds
  • Guide:  Not essential
  • Permit: Not required. Make a donation to the temple caretakers.
  • Transport: Plenty of various transportations available.
  • Take your pick: Motorbike, taxi, public transport
  • Bali international Airport – Kintamani 80km
  • Airport – Sanur – Klungkung – Rendang – Besakih – Kintamani
  • Accommodations: Plentiful available in Kintamani and down by the lake
  • Trekking @ Gunung Abang